Mutual Funds

Using Mutual Funds for Risk and Reward

When it comes to mutual funds, most people are familiar with funds that accumulate money for you from your investments. But what many people do not realize is that there is a wide variety of types of mutual funds available to investors. Investing in mutual funds can be very profitable, but the types of investments you make can have a significant impact on your overall portfolio growth. Understanding the differences between the different types of mutual funds will help you better determine how and when to add them to your investment portfolio.

Heavy index fund

Perhaps the most common type of mutual funds is a top heavy index fund. These funds are designed to follow the performance of a particular index over a period of time. They do this by investing in hundreds of different securities that are closely related to the index, which in turn moves up and down with the changes in the market. The fund manager makes all of the investments, with the goal of increasing the value of his portfolio. These types of funds are popular because they are easy to understand and are usually tax advantaged as well.

Managed stock funds

Another type of mutual funds are actively managed stock funds. This type of fund will invest in stocks or other assets that you pick up yourself. Some people feel that actively managed funds are more effective than index funds, but that opinion may be biased due to the high degree of risk associated with actively managed funds. Some actively managed funds offer low expense investments and even dividends.

Hybrid funds

A third type of mutual funds are hybrid funds. These funds combine aspects of both index funds and actively managed stock and bond funds, but they have additional features designed to help keep their investor’s cash protected. Many hybrid funds offer special fees to account for things like commission delays or minimum distributions. Also, hybrid funds that invest in both actively managed stock funds and other types of funds can be more profitable since all of the fund’s profits can be reinvested into growing the portfolio. Some hybrid funds are also designed specifically to be beneficial to certain age groups.


All of these types of mutual funds offer different benefits to the investor. It is important to understand the differences between them so you are able to choose the fund that is right for your needs. If you are relatively new to mutual funds, or are fairly experienced, you may want to start by investing in just a few of the most common types. As you gain experience, you can then branch out and look into more specialized types of investment.


One of the easiest ways to choose the appropriate mutual fund is to compare it to the S & P 500. By looking at the price of the most recent market survey, you will be able to tell which mutual funds are most similar to the index. The fund’s price is also a good measure of its historical performance.


Diversification across asset classes is also one of the most important benefits to using mutual funds or exchange traded funds as an investment. By spreading your risk across several different investments, you will reduce the amount of risk that you have to take. A diversified fund should be made up of all sorts of assets, including stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and other securities. It is important to find a mix of these types of investments, including a retirement account like a 401(k) so you do not risk all of your capital in just one type of investment. This is another reason why you need to look at the details of any particular fund.


If you are looking for an excellent way to diversify across assets, individual retirement accounts and mutual funds are a great place to start. You can pick the kinds of stocks that you want to invest in, target certain areas of your portfolio, and increase or decrease your returns according to the trends in the markets. Some investors even use the fund’s turnover rate as a measure of its overall profitability. Another advantage is that you can start small and let the funds run for you, while earning very little if any returns at all. There is no reason that you cannot start investing in a fund today.